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Forfaiting means that Bank of China purchases the outstanding claims resulting from goods, services or asset transactions without recourse. Usually the outstanding claims have been accepted/undertaken/avalised to make payment by financial institutions. The acceptable types of outstanding claims in forfaiting by Bank of China include: L/C, bills of exchange, promissory notes, outstanding claims guaranteed by payment guarantee/standby L/C, outstanding claims guaranteed by export credit insurance, outstanding claims guaranteed by international organizations such as IFC (International Finance Corporation), and other acceptable credit instruments.


Forfaiting business enables a customer to receive non-recourse payments with fixed rate and without taking up his credit line, so that it can meet the customer's needs in avoiding risks, increasing cash flow, improving financial statements and receiving tax rebates earlier. At present, the types of forfaiting provided by Bank of China are as follows:

1. Forfaiting under usance L/C

As applied by the customer, Bank of China purchases non-recourse outstanding accounts receivable confirmed/undertaken by the issuing bank under the negotiation, acceptance or deferred payment L/C.

2. Forfaiting under sight L/C

Under sight negotiable L/C, Bank of China, as the nominated negotiating bank, purchases accounts payable of the issuing bank without recourse  as required by customers upon strict examination to ensure that documents are consistent with L/C.

3. Forfaiting under D/A.

Under the D/A (documents against acceptance), at the customer's request, Bank of China purchases the accepted commercial drafts avalised by a bank without recourse.

4. Forfaiting under credit insurance (non-recourse Rong Xin Da EAC Finance)

For the export trade covered by export credit insurance, Bank of China purchases outstanding claims against documents, export credit policy and claim transfer agreement without recourse.

5. Forfaiting guaranteed by IFC or other international organizations

As the Global Trade Finance Program Agreement participant (as a confirming bank) of the IFC, ADB, EBRD and IDB, Bank of China, with guarantees of international organizations, purchases outstanding claims from customers without recourse.


1. Purchase without recourse. Bank of China purchases accounts receivable without recourse to secure customer's accounts receivable.

2. Mitigate risks. Customers transfer such risks as nation risk, credit risk, exchange rate risk and interest rate risk to Bank of China with the purpose to mitigate risks.

3. Not occupy the customer's credit line. One advantage of forfaiting is that it doesn't occupy the customer's credit line. The customer can still get financing from Bank of China without credit line or with insufficient credit line.

4. Increase working capital. Customers obtain 100% financing, turning the future accounts receivable into current cash flows so as to avoid capital tied up and increase cash flow.

5. Optimize the financial statements. Customers can reduce accounts receivable and improve cash flows without increasing liabilities, so that the financial statements can be optimized.

6. Obtain the export tax rebate in advance. According to the regulations of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, customers can receive export tax rebate earlier to save financial costs through forfaiting.


Bank of China can provide short-term financing (less than one year), as well as mid- and long-term financing (three to five years or even longer).

Eligible Applicants

1. Customers who have limited working capital and need to accelerate turnover rate of accounts receivable.

2. Customers who want to mitigate the credit risk, nation risk, interest rate risk and exchange rate risk faced by the long-term accounts receivable.

3. Customers who have insufficient credit line or no credit line with banks.

4. Customers who want to obtain the export tax rebate in advance.


1. The customer and Bank of China sign the Forfaiting Contract.

2. The customer submits to Bank of China a Forfaiting Application Form.

3. Bank of China signs Forfaiting Confirmation with the customer after obtaining the debtor's credit line or confirming transfer of outstanding claims.

4. Transfer outstanding claims. In case the customer holds bills, the bill is endorsed to Bank of China; in case the bills are not available, the customer and Bank of China sign Notice of Assignment.

5. Make discounted payment. Upon receipt of acceptance/undertaking notice of the issuing bank/nominated bank under the L/C or other certificate of creditor's right in line with the requirements, Bank of China pays the customer the net proceeds after deducting discount interest and related fees.

6. Under the export trade, Bank of China presents the customer with the special form for the verification certificate of export trade collection for handling verification on export trade collection and tax rebate.

Gentle Reminders

1. Outstanding claims related to forfaiting business should be legal, authentic, valid and have no any mortgage or pledge.

2. Under the settlement method of L/C and collection, applying for forfaiting business through Bank of China is more convenient.

3. Under the D/A collection, some related banks should sign a bill of exchange or provide guarantees.

4. Selecting an issuing bank or an accepting/undertaking bank with good credit standing is conducive to obtaining preferential rate.

5. In the early stage of the business, Bank of China can provide comprehensive consulting services, design personalized financing solutions to you, and commit to purchasing your outstanding claims at the agreed price and terms in the future. In this case, you can pay a commitment fee depending on the length of the commitment period.

Bank of China's Advantages

- Bank of China boasts high-quality professional talents specializing in forfaiting products, as well as rich forfaiting operation experience, centralized management and operation models. Representative of Bank of China serves as Non-executive Board Director of International Forfaiting Association (IFA) and Chairman of Northeast Asia Committee.

- Bank of China offers a broad range of forfaiting products, free from limitation of settlement methods. The financing credit instruments are flexible, including not only L/C but also bills of exchange/promissory notes, outstanding claims guaranteed by payment guarantee/standby L/C, insurance claims for export credit insurance. It also provides personalized solutions depending on specific circumstances.

- Relying on extensive branches and agency network, Bank of China has a superior capability of risk tolerance. Bank of China is the first Chinese bank joining the trade finance program of four global trade organizations like IFC, ADB, EBRD and IDB as a confirming bank and has presently extended relevant business across emerging markets in Asia, Africa and Latin America through close cooperation with these international organizations. The financing terms are flexible, providing not only the short-term financing (less than one year), but also mid- and long-term financing (three to five years or even longer).

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